How BARC Calculates TRP of Television Channels?

How BARC calculates TRP: When discussing the popularity of particular broadcast programs and channels. The term “TRP” is used often, but what does it actually mean? Television rating points are a useful metric for determining viewership of a program. The term itself stands for television rating point. A closer look at how it works can reveal the validity of the data it collects and its limitations, despite its flaws. We describe what exactly TRP is and how it is calculated in this article.

TRP is the abbreviation of Television Rating Point. The program that is shown determines the TRP of any channel or programme. TRP of TV channel is calculated by TRP rate. These figures are derived from a representative sample of TV owners in various demographic and geographic regions.

How BARC calculates TRP?

Three television channels including Republic TV. He is being probed by the Mumbai Police on suspicion of manipulating Television Rating Points, or TRP. According to Mumbai Police Commissioner Param Bir Singh, two additional television channels, Fakt Marathi and Box Cinema, as well as Republic TV, which is run by Arnab Goswami, are under investigation for allegedly manipulating ratings.

Most of the time we have seen people watching TV and heard about TRP of any channel or program like how it is increasing daily and so on. Do you know how the TRP of a television channel and the shows it airs are determined? The TRP of a TV channel or program is determined by several factors. Television’s TRP is a well-known metric. Let us read this article to know more about TRP including how it is calculated, its impact on the channel or program and other details.

How BARC calculates TRP

How BARC calculates TRP details 2023

What is TRP?

Television Rating Point (TRP) is a tool to find out how many people are watching a specific show at a given point of time. The popularity of a TV show can be measured from this data, aiding the broadcaster in executive decisions and generating advertising revenue. By targeting programs with the highest viewership, advertisers can use TRPs to increase the reach of their advertisements. Advertisers can also choose the best time to run ads as the data takes into account the duration of the audience.

TRP data can also be used by a broadcaster to determine whether a particular show needs to change its programming to attract a larger audience. The broadcaster can change the time slot of a show to compete with shows on other networks, if it has promising TRPs. It also plays an important role in determining how much money a show makes.

How is TRP calculated?

Broadcasters, advertisers, and advertising and media agencies have a voice in an industry body called the Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC). BARC follows the guidelines set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB) and Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) while calculating TRP on a weekly basis. TRP is calculated by BARC using various methods. The most common method is the “bar-o-meter,” which is a device installed in a single viewer’s TV to check what they are watching at any given time. Every week, the data is measured and used to calculate TRPs.

BAR-O meters are used in another method called “picture matching” to record a small portion of the video being viewed on the television. After that, these pictures are taken by the sample audience and used to get TRP data.

How accurate is TRP?

The size and quality of the sample audience determine the strength of the data collected. When discussing national metrics, the sample audience should be representative of the country’s population. To determine TRP, BARC currently collects information from 44,000 households. The validity of this sample size for a population of over one billion people has been questioned by many critics. By the end of 2022, TRAI has suggested that BARC may increase the sample size to 100,000 to improve the accuracy of the data.

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Though BARC’s ratings are considered as the industry standard and used by most of the stakeholders, they are not the only body to calculate TRPs. National TV viewership is also studied by organizations such as Doordarshan Audience Research Team (DART) and Indian National Television Audience Measurement (INTAM).

TRP calculation methods

If you want to improve the performance of your website and understand how users are interacting with it, you will need to use one of the many different calculation methods available. In this blog post, we’ll explore the three most popular methods and provide tips on how to best use them for your website. We’ll also discuss the importance of user feedback and how to measure it using each method, so you can make informed decisions about optimizing your website for a better user experience.

1. People Meter

To calculate TRP, people meters are installed in some places and in some houses. In this way, about 2,000 viewers are judged and a sample survey is done. These gadgets keep track of the channel or program that certain family members or individuals watch. The INTAM Monitoring Team, or Indian Television Audience Measurement, uses this meter to collect one minute of information per TV channel or programme. The team determines the TRP of the channel or program after analyzing the data. Or, we can say that the agency later analyzes this data to generate national TRP data for various TV channels and programmes.

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2. Picture Matching

The second method, picture matching, involves recording a small portion of the television picture into the people meter. To calculate TRP, pictures are used to collect this information from a set of households.

What happens when TRP increases or decreases?

Are you curious to know about the effect of TRP on your body? Or do you just want to know how to measure it? In this blog post, we will discuss the basics of TRP and how it works. We will also provide a step by step guide on how to measure your TRP level and explore the different effects that different levels of TRP have on your body. So whether you want to know more about TRP or want to know how to measure it, this post is for you.

The income of the television channel from which the program starts is directly affected by the TRP change of any program. Do you know of any television channel like Z Channel, Sony, or Star Plus? Earn money from advertising? If the TRP of a program or channel is low, advertisers will run fewer ads and pay less, which shows that fewer people are watching it. However, if the TRP is high, then there will be an increase in advertisers, money and advertisements. So we can say that TRP is affected not only by the program but also by the channel.

What is TRP rate?

The TRP rate is a measure of how responsive a receptor is to a particular type of stimulus. It is often used in research to help identify which receptors are most sensitive to a particular type of stimulus. This information can be used to develop new drugs or therapies that target those specific receptors.

TRP of TV channel is calculated by TRP rate. The program that is shown determines the TRP of any channel or programme. It is clear that when a film star comes on a show to promote a film, the TRP of the show automatically increases as more people want to see that film star.


In this blog post, we will see how BARC calculates TRP of television channels. We will explore the various factors taken into account by BARC while calculating the TRP of a television channel and discuss the benefits of using the services of BARC. By understanding how BARC calculates TRPs, you will be able to make a more informed decision about which channels to watch and avoid. So, stay tuned for this informative blog post!

BARC, the broadcasting regulator in India, has come up with a way to calculate TRP (Total Reception Points) of television channels. This new calculation method is based on the number of viewers who watched a particular channel for at least 5 minutes. This blog reviews the new BARC TRP calculation methodology and provides an overview of how it is used to assess the popularity of television channels. We also explore some of the potential implications of this new calculation method and its impact on the marketing and advertising strategies of television networks.


In this blog we will discuss how BARC calculates TRP of television channels. We will start by explaining what TRP is and what it measures. After that, we will provide a brief description of the methodology of BARC to calculate TRP. Finally, we will provide our findings and thoughts on the practices of BARC.

In this blog, we will discuss BARC’s TRP calculation algorithm and its use in television ratings. We’ll also provide a conclusion to this blog article, outlining the key points we’ve covered.

Frequently Asked Questions

How does BARC calculate TRP of television channels?

BARC uses many different methods to calculate TRP. The most common method uses a bar-o-meter, a device installed in a single viewer’s television set to study what they are watching at any given time. The data is measured every week and used to calculate TRPs.

How is TRP calculated for TV programs?

TRP can also be calculated as 100 x reach x frequency, where reach is the percentage of the target audience with at least one impression and frequency is the average number of impressions.

Who calculates TRP?

The Indian agency Broadcast Audience Research Council calculates the TRPs of India. It has installed bar-o-meters in some homes as a model. More than 45,000 households have been metered for justice and survey.

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